Gastric sleeve, also known as sleeve gastrectomy, is a surgical weight loss procedure that involves the removal of a large portion of the stomach. The remaining stomach is shaped like a sleeve or tube, which can hold less food and leads to weight loss.
During the procedure, the surgeon makes several small incisions in the abdomen and uses a laparoscope to remove about 80% of the stomach. The remaining stomach is sealed using staples or sutures, creating a small pouch.
Gastric sleeve surgery is generally performed on people with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or those with a BMI of 35 or higher with obesity-related health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or sleep apnea.
The benefits of gastric sleeve surgery include significant weight loss, improved overall health, and increased self-esteem. Patients typically lose 50-80% of their excess weight within the first year following surgery.
However, there are also risks associated with the procedure, including infection, bleeding, blood clots, and leaks from the staple line. Additionally, the surgery is irreversible, and patients must commit to making significant lifestyle changes to maintain their weight loss.
Before undergoing gastric sleeve surgery, patients typically undergo a thorough medical evaluation and work with a healthcare team to develop a personalized weight loss plan. Post-surgery, patients will work closely with a nutritionist to develop a healthy eating plan and may also need to incorporate physical activity into their daily routine.
Overall, gastric sleeve surgery can be an effective option for those struggling with obesity and related health conditions. However, it should only be considered after other weight loss methods have been attempted and under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional.